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Agricultural Waste is Used for Production of Bioethanol Fuel for Improving Emission and Performance of IC Engine - A Review Article
Vishal L. Makvana,* Dipak. C. Gosai, Jigar. S. Gurjar

Published in: International Journal of Scientific Review and Research in Engineering and Technology
Volume- 1, Issue-1, pp.17-30, Dec 2015
DPI :-> 16.10069.IJSRRET.2015.V1I1.1730.136



Abstract
Need to use renewable energy in the form of ethanol fuel derived using agriculture waste to reduce load on petrol derived from crude oil which is available in limited quantity. This is mostly due to stock of petroleum product are limited hence the swing towards more renewable alternative fuels. Bio-ethanol and biodiesel have a received many attentions as excellent alternative source fuels and have virtually limitless potential for growth. One of the main processing challenges in the production of bio-fuel is the high purity product. Conservation of molasses sugar in to ethanol is carried out by yeast of saccharomyces cerevisiae which is the cheapest yeast and easily available and produced in chemical laboratory. Production of ethanol from molasses of sugarcane can be affected by parameters are optimize such as ph ,enzyme concentration, temperature, fermentation period and substrate concentration to be research are 4.0, 2 gm. 35c,72hr per liter, 300 gm. Per liter under this condition ethanol yield is achieved by 53 percentage. This review paper is to discuss the production of bioethanol fuel from agricultural waste and influences of mixed blends of ethanol-petrol blend, ethanol-diesel blend on internal combustion engine performance and emission parameter on ic engine. Many researcher reported that when adding ethanol in to petrol or diesel blend in ic engine significantly reduce hc, pm, nox and exhaust emission but slightly increased specific fuel consumption.

Key-Words / Index Term
Ethanol, Bio-fuel, Specific fuel consumption, Air pollution, Air fuel mixture blending.

How to cite this article
Vishal L. Makvana,* Dipak. C. Gosai, Jigar. S. Gurjar , “Agricultural Waste is Used for Production of Bioethanol Fuel for Improving Emission and Performance of IC Engine - A Review Article”, International Journal of Scientific Review and Research in Engineering and Technology, 1, Issue-1, pp.17-30, Dec 2015. DPI:16.10069.IJSRRET.V1.I1.136